Thar Desert also known as “Great Indian Desert”, is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. With an area of more than 200,000 sq. km., (140,000 sq. miles.) it is among the world’s twentys largest desert. It lies mostly in the Indian state of Rajasthan, and extends into the southern portion of Haryana and Punjab states and into northern Gujarat state. In Pakistan, the desert covers eastern Sind province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan’s Punjab province.
Though the boundaries of a desert is ill defined yet politically,the Thar desert is bounded as –
- North West – Sutlej River
- East – Aravali Range
- West – Indus River
- South – Rann of Kutch
- Adjoined by -The Cholistan Desert of Pakistani Punjab.
Rainfall in the Deserts
Desert is a barren or desolate area with minimum rainfall. The casual rainfall is sometimes insufficient to wet the floor and vapors before it reaches the extremely hot sand. The inhabitants of deserts do not see rains for generations and therefore there are myths, stories and mis-conception about the rains . In Indian part of desert, the rain clouds are ranked as ‘God’ and are often worshipped. The inhabitants of Thar Desert in India had not seen the rainfall for ages till the famous Pokhran Nuclear Blasts took place, which made India a Nuclear Power in 1974.